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Jogesh Chandra Ghosh: Language Movement Martyr of 1971


Jogesh Chandra Ghosh (1887 – 4 April, 1971) was a scholar, Ayurveda physician, entrepreneur and philanthropist. He pioneered the use of Ayurveda in British India and founded the Ayurvedic drugstore Sadhana Aushadhalaya. In the genocide during the Bangladesh Liberation War, he was shot to death by the Pakistan Army.

After retirement, Ghosh stayed in his Dhaka residence and oversaw the activities of Sadhana Aushadhalaya, located at 21 Dinanath Sen Road in Gandaria. During the 1964 East Pakistan genocide, he sheltered the Bengali Hindus from the neighborhood in the factory of Sadhana Aushadhalaya.

In 1971, when the Pakistan Army launched Operation Searchlight and began killing the civilian population in Dhaka, Ghosh too was targeted. All the Hindu staff of Sadhana Aushadhalaya, fearing for life crossed the border and took refuge in India. At the age of 84 and invalid, Ghosh refused to move. He stayed at his establishment with two guards. On 4 April, the Pakistan Army led by a Peace Committee member entered the premises of Sadhana Aushadhalaya on look out for rebels. Ghosh was charged with providing shelter to the rebels. Four Pakistan Army soldiers forced Ghosh to move upstairs in his office, where he was shot dead. The soldiers ransacked the factory and office of Sadhana Aushadhalaya and looted more than 1 million rupees in cash.


1. Sengupta, Subhodh Chandra; Basu, Anjali, eds. (January 2002). যোগেশচন্দ্র ঘোষ [Jogesh Chandra Ghosh]. Samsad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Bibliographical Dictionary) (in Bengali). Volume 1 (4th ed.). Kolkata: Shishu Sahitya Samsad. p. 445. ISBN 81-85626-65-0.

2. Coggin, Dan (3 May 1971). “Dacca: City of the Dead”. Time.

3. Khan, Muazzam Hussain (2012). “Ghosh, Jogesh Chandra”. In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

4. যোগেশচন্দ্র ঘোষ [Jogesh Chandra Ghosh] (in Bengali). Dhaka: Archived from the original on 4 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.

5. Saha Ray, Chandan. যোগেশ চন্দ্র ঘোষ [Jogesh Chandra Ghosh]. Gunijan Trust (in Bengali). Retrieved 2 November 2013



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