Located at a distance of about 2.4 kms from the Karnasubarna railway station(Azimganj-Katwa line, E.R), the archaeological site of Rajbari Danga is an ancient exponent of the Sanatan Hindu civilization.
The very first excavations of this site was conducted under Dr.S.R.Das of Calcutta University in 1962. The total area of the ‘Danga’ or mound is 503,500 square feet.
The findings included a monastic sealing bearing the legend of the Buddhist Mahavihara – Shri Rakta-mrittika Mahavihara. Other than this several terracotta figurines and ornamental stucco moldings were also found from the site. h
The most significant finding from the excavation might as well be the one with the monastic sealing bearing the legend ‘Shri Rakta-mrittikā Mahavaiharik arya bhikshu samghasya’ which refers to the the community of venerable monks who resided in the Rakta-mrittikā Mahavihara, that was first mentioned by Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang).
The famous Chinese traveler mentioned about a certain ‘Lo-to-mo-chi’ in his travelogues, which transliterates to ‘Rakta-mrittikā Mahavihara’. This Mahavihara was seen by Xuanzang and described as an important centre of learning of Vajrayani Buddhists.
After the excavation of the mound in Jadupur, Chandpara, Karnasubarna,(now known as Rajbari Danga or Raja Karna’s Palace) the archaeologists of Calcutta University identified it with the ‘Rakta-mrittika Mahavihara’.
It may be concluded from the archaeological remains of excavated site of Jadupur (Rajbari Danga) that Karnasubarna was in fact an urban centre, just as most capital cities are these days as well. It is also assumable that certain number of rural settlements like Gokarna, Mahalandi and Saktipur came into existence around the capital city, that housed the relatively poorer sections of the society that catered to the daily needs of the citizens of Karnasubarna.
All Images except Image VII: Deep Biswas © & Sriti O Chetona
Image VII: murshidabad.net